Name three famous Bebop artists and their instruments
Charlie (Bird) Parker – Sax
Thelonious Monk – Piano
Dizzy Gillespie – Trumpet
Describe Bebop Jazz
– A fast tempo
-Complex chord progressions with rapid chord changes and numerous changes of key
-Instrumental virtuosity
-Improvisation based on a combination of harmonic structure, the use of scales and occasional references to the melody.
What is the classic instrumental line-up for Bebop
A small combo that consisting of:
Saxophone (alto or tenor),
Double Bass
Drums playing music in which the ensemble played a supportive role for soloists.
Describe the term “Comping”
The backing instrument playing music in which the ensemble played a supportive role for soloists.
What is meant by the term ‘Head”
Bebop musicians typically played the melody of a song (called the “head”) with the accompaniment of the rhythm section, followed by a section in which all of the performers improvised solos, then returned to the melody at the end of the song
Name 2 pieces by Charlie Parker
Name 2 pieces by Thelonius Monk
Round Midnight,
Blue Monk
name 2 pieces by Dizzy Gillespie
Salt Peanuts
A Night in Tunisia
How did Bebop contrast with earlier styles of Jazz
Less formal than Big Band arrangements with more opportunity for improvisation/freedom for soloists

Smaller sized groups – 3 to 9 players

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Fast, high energy Music

More complex harmonies

“The Musician’s Music” – A Night in Tunisia

Intricate Melodies

Irregular/Asymetrical phrasing

Bebop developed into what style of Jazz and how did this differ
Cool Jazz

Relaxed tempos, often formal arrangements, often a a blend of jazz and classical music