Symphony No.9 (1824)


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Last movement

Exerpt #1(orch)=It’s like a little “drama” with contrabasses repeatedly interrupt with a “recitative.”

Exerpt #2(voice)=First human voice heard in a symphony for the first time in history.


“Symphonie Fantastique” (1830)


Timbre: Romantic orchestra


Eb clarinet depicts witches’ dance.
Hints of Dies Irae


Story of young man watching a witches’ dance in hell.

Prelude to Tristan and Isolde (1859)

Movement: Prelude
Epitome of Romanticism and has extreme chromaticism, almost atonal. Made up of leit motifs.

Mahler (Fish)

“St. Anthony of Padua’s Sermon to the Fishes”


-Folk like poetry
-Humorous with satire
-Female voice singing lightly like a joke

-Orchestra paints picture of water

Mahler (Scherzo)

Symphony #2 (1895)

Movement: #3
-No singer, which is why it hints it is Symphony #2

-Similar to “St.Anthony” but without the voice part and “morphs” into something grotesque halfway through.


“Three Places in New England” (1903)
Movement: The Housatonic at Stockbridge

-Music is layered

-impressionistic blur


-bell sounds


“Gymnopedie No.1” (1887)

-A piano “character piece.”
-Opposite of Germanic music.


Jeux (Games) (1912)
-Orchestral Ballet score

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“Introduction and Allegro” (1905)
-Chamber music
-In this piece, Ravel combines the timbres of instruments and his experimentation with new and exotic scales.
-Harp and strings bring in a stationary blur.
“The White Peacock” (1884-1920)
-Orchestral tone poem
Lush string orchestration helps create an atmospheric sound with some sounds of dissonance.

“Flute Song” (1963)
-“Cool” Jazz
-Influenced by Impressionists.
-Exotic scale patterns

-Overlapping and irregular rhythm structures.

-Interesting instruments featured in this piece are alto flute and saxaphones with slight electric sound.


“The Voice of the Wood Dove” (1901)


-Uses extreme chromatic harmonic language of the late 19th century. Female opera voice.