“Prelude to the Afternoon of a Faun” was composed by:
“Maple Leaf Rag” was composed by:
“The Rite of Spring” was composed by
“Pierrot Lunaire” was composed by:
“The Concord Sonata” was composed by:
“Rhapsody in Blue” was composed by:
“Bolero” was composed by:
A rhythmic pattern that shifts the musical accent from its expected position
Year of “Prelude to the Afternoon of a Faun”
Year of “Maple Leaf Rag”
Year of “The Rite of Spring”
Year of “Pierrot Lunaire”
Year of “The Concord Sonata”
Year of “Rhapsody in Blue”
Year of “Bolero”
Define Sprechstimme
A form of dramatic declamation between singing and speaking
How did Joplin insure that he made money from the Maple Leaf?
He and his lawyer negotiated a contract so that he would receive royalties.

“…four aspects of late-nineteenth century American musical life…” that spawned ragtime:

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 the cakewalk

 the march

 sheet music

 the concert band


Explain the influence of each. What musical aspects of the cakewalk and the march were combined?

The cakewalk: Plantation dance where slaves parodied their white owners. It was an international dance craze. Ragtime writers took the idea of syncopation.


The march: Ragtime writers took this even & neat shape as the form for their music.


Sheet music: Most people learned new music by buying the sheet music – “Maple Leaf Rag” sold thousands of copies.

Rimsky-Korsakov. Who was he?
The father of a fellow student of Stravisnky and leading composer of the RUssian nationalist school.
Why was there a riot at the premiere of “The Rite of Spring?” Could there be such a riot at a similar concert today?
The piece’s sound was described as brutal, savage, and chaotic – the audience witnessed something new and original unfold in front of their eyes. It is not likely that such a riot would occur at a similar concert today because we have been exposed to more types of music and we can’t be as easily shocked.
Expressionism – define!
a manner of painting, drawing, sculpting, etc., in which forms derived from nature are distorted or exaggerated and colors are intensified for emotive or expressive purposes.

Who were the composers of the FIRST

Viennese School?)

Mozart, Haydn, Beethoven
Pierrot Lunaire (what’s “lunaire”? Who’s Pierrot?)

the mythical tortured clown


“the disassociated images of a dream”

Define “12-tone”. Define “serial”.

a means of ensuring that all 12 notes of the chromatic scale are sounded as often as one another in a piece of music


serial: a way of relating the human mind to the world and creating a completeness when dealing with a subject

“Classical” forms: why are they important to Schoenberg?

 e.g., passacaglia, canon, fugue

To control the potentially chaotic situation. He sets some songs in traditional form of a song cycle – organization
What’s a sonata, by classical definition? By baroque definition?

sonata: a composition for one or two instruments, typically in three or four movements in contrasted forms and keys


baroque: “misshapen pearl”

“This is music that could not have been written in Europe.” ….Why? (om Ives)
Because there are several recognizable American tunes in “The Concord Sonata”
Why did Ives develop so differently from the other American composers of his time??
While the other American composers of his time went off to Europe to develop, he trained with his father.
Ives got a degree from Yale; how did he get along with Horatio Parker, the master teacher there?
He found Park to be a bright man but had limited himself to what the German tradition had taught him and eventually stopped sharing his experiments with him.
Ives – Insurance Man?!?!?!
Ives was in the insurance business during the day and any other time was dedicated to music.
The role(s) of quotation in Ives’ music.
Ives believes great themes are universal and should continue to grow and expand. He uses quotations to make musical sense.
Define “rhapsody”
a musical group of connected free fantasies, often with an epic, heroic, or national character.
What is the (technical) difference between composing songs and “concert music”?
When composing “concert music” he focused on the design of the musical structure and work on organic growth and thematic development.
“Blues notes” define
note sung or played at a slightly lower pitch than that of the major scale for expressive purposes.
“Tin Pan Alley” Carnegie Hall –define and locate them.

Tin Pan Alley was b/w 5th & 6th Avenue in New York City.


Carnegie Hall – One of the most famous venues in the US. Located in Manhattan, New York.

Basque ancestry: What does it have to do with his Ravel’s music?

It was the first music he ever heard and it haunted him for all his life.


“The Basques feel deeply but seldom show it, and then only to a very few.”