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Whole Note


4 beats of sound

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Whole Rest

 

4 beats of silence

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Half Note

 

2 beats of sound

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Half rest

 

2 beats of silence

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Quarter Note

 

1 beat of sound

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Quarter rest (variation from in class)

 

1 beat of silence

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Eighth Note

 

1/2 beat of sound

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Eighth rest

 

1/2 beat of silence

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Dotted Half Note

 

3 beats of sound

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Dotted Whole Note

 

6 beats of sound

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Dotted Quarter Note

 

1 1/2 beats of sound

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Treble Clef

or

G Clef

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Bass Clef

or

F Clef

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bar lines

Separate the staff into equal measures

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Measures

The space between the bar lines
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Double bar line

 

Signals the end of a piece of music

 

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The Staff

 

A pitch graph made up of 5 lines and 4 spaces that tells how high or how low a pitch is

 

The higher the note, the higher the pitch

The lower the note, the lower the pitch

Choir
An organized group of singers who practice to perform as one voice
Tempo
The rate of speed of a piece of music
Rhythm
The organization of long and short notes and rests
The dot rule

A dot added after a note adds half the value of the original note

 

(Example: a dot added to a half note adds one, making the value 3 beats)

Scale
A pitch ladder made up of half steps and whole steps that is based on a home tone
Pitch
How high or low a sound is
Simple Time Signature

The top number tells how many notes fit in a measure

 

The bottom number tells what kind of note gets the steady beat

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2 beats per measure

 

Quarter note gets the beat

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3 notes per measure

 

Quarter note gets the beat

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4 beats per measure

 

Quarter note gets the beat

Beat
The steady pulse of all music

Whole note (4)

half note (2)

quarter note (1)

eighth note (1/2) 

Whole note (4)

w

h      half note (2)    h

 q    q  quarter note (1)    q    q

ee  ee  eighth note (1/2)  ee  ee

The Grand Staff

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