Which were the more typical of sass of America: Prohibition and intolerance or the Jazz Age and increasing social freedom? The sass’s were seen as a prosperous time for America, Judging by the Increasing economic strength, the development of new industries and new methods of production and, by the time of rebellion and liberation that came with It. The sass’s are often referred to as the ‘Roaring Twenties’ or the Jazz Age, a period of great fun and enjoyment.
However, not everyone agreed with the statement that the ass’s were completely successful, highlighting some ajar problems that America had to face at that time, specifically intolerance and prohibition. From an economic point of view, the USA entered an era of unparalleled prosperity. The most of it was due to increase in productivity as a result of technological innovation. The electricity industry was becoming more successful because the electricity consumption more than doubled during the decade as electrical appliances came into general use. What benefited more the American economy was the invention of the car by Henry Ford.
By 1925 he was producing a car very ten seconds, by 1929 there was one car for every five Americans. The working conditions were Improving too: hours of work declined, wages substantially Increased and the unemployment rate fell. Because of the Increase In people’s leisure time and disposable Income, the entertainment Industry blossomed In the sass’s. Almost everyone in the USA listened to the radio. The choices of radio channels grew quickly. The radio gave easier access to music and as a result, music became more popular. The Jazz music became an obsession among young people.
Along with it appeared new dances such as Charleston and new styles of behavior which were disapproved by the older generation. In Los Angels, Hollywood a major film industry was developing. New stars like Charlie Chaplin rose to fame by making the audiences laugh. Furthermore, the sass’s were marked by increasing social freedom, particularly new attitudes towards sex and between young women. There was a widespread obsession with sex which magazines, movies and newspapers were quick to exploit. Women, especially middle class women were expected to lead restrictive ivies before the First World War.
However, In the sass’s a lot of things changed for them: they got the vote in all states, some of them had jobs, wore more daring clothing. , makeup and smoked in public. Even so, women still remained inferior, they were paid less than men and did not have access to political power. Despite the fact that the middle classes benefited from the sass’s, the working classes, afro- Americans and immigrants were not sharing their Joy. Social leaders were afraid that the wave of immigrants will lead to racial degeneration and national decline.
In response to their fears, the Congress imposed restriction on immigration in 1921. In addition, the foreigners and the afro-Americans were facing hostility from the UK Klux Klan that rose to fame after the movie The Birth of a Nation. In the South, the Clansmen resorted to beatings and even murder, In order to terrorize black people. The working class, particularly farmers, textile workers and coal miners suffered throughout the whole period. The decline In foreign demand led to drastic fall In farm prices causing the majority of the farmers to remain depressed.
It was successful in the rural areas but not in the urban ones. In sign of protest, people were making their own alcoholic beverages. Speakeasies were growing in popularity too. Attracted by huge profits, the underworld gangs rose to power. Due to corrupt alliances with politicians, policemen and Judges they had an undeniable power. AY Capons had a huge influence in Chicago due to his high illicit earnings. There were several gang Wars’ as they were fighting for power, one of the most famous being The Valentine’s Day Massacre. In conclusion, the sass’s had its good and bad parts.
It has proved to be an incredibly prosperous period for middle classes and an unfortunate one for the immigrants and working classes. In this period the USA experienced major economic and social changes that made it a leading country around the world. As some young Americans were experiencing liberation, others were facing racism. This made the sass’s a decade of contrasts. In my personal view, both prohibition, intolerance and the Jazz Age and increasing social freedom marked the sass’s as a rich period that affected the whole population of America in a specific way.