Brazilian culture is a culture that is has a very diverse nature. An ethnic and cultural mixing occurred during the colonial period between with the Native Americans, Portuguese and Africans forming the bulk of Brazilian culture. In the late 19th and early 20th centuries Italian, German, Spanish, Arab and Japanese immigrants settled in Brazil and played an important role in creating a multicultural country. “Although Brazil is considered the fifth largest country In the world, and a total land mass larger than the U.
S. , most people are only familiar with two of it’s musical forms, the first Ewing Samba and the second being Boss Nova”. Music plays a major role in Brazilian life, and Brazier’s music Is as wide as the country itself and also as diverse as It’s people. The first people to reach this land named Brazil were the Portuguese around the 1 ass’s and also started importing African slaves for labor duties. As a result of this, there is an Afro-European fusion to the music of the country.
The Afro-European traditions in Brazil differ in rhythm and in dance form because the dance does not take the couple form that It does elsewhere. The first major type of musical Influence men in Brazil was called Chord. Chord was developed in ROI De Jeanine around the 19th century out of a blend of Portuguese fad and European salon music. “After a period of time Chord evolved Into a type of Dixieland, Jazz musical style and went through a revival in the sass’s”.
Branching off of Chord is probably the most popular musical from of Brazil called Samba. Samba In a Brazilian dance and musical genre that Is derived from strong African roots. It is considered a symbol of Brazil and Brazilian Carnival. This is seen on the 2nd track of the CD provided. The song on the CD is from a concert in Brazil represents the Samba music of the carnival, where thousands sing along and participate with the band. “Also one of the most popular Brazilian cultural expressions, Samba has become an icon of Brazilian national identity’.
Traditionally, the samba Is played by strings and various percussion Instruments such as the tambourine also heard on track 2, along with the drums and trumpets. But one of the most informant instruments is a type of framed drum called the Panderer. The Pandered Is held In one hand. And struck on the head by the other hand to produce he sound. Usual panderer patterns are played by alternating the thumb, fingertips, heel, and palm of the hand. A panderer can also be shaken to make sound, or one can run a finger along the head to create a “rasp” noise.
The Pandered Is not only used in Samba music, it has a strong presents in a dance oriented type of music form named Caperers music. Caperers Is a type of martial art type of dance that was born In Brazil. And Is very dear to the heart of all Brazilian. As much important to this type of martial art dance is the music that goes along with it. It sets the tempo and style for the people Involved In the dance, while some tempos are very slow other can be very fast, which is represented on track 1 of the CD.
There is also a call and response part of the music that is also important to the event. One of the most important interments that has a wooden or bamboo bow with a metal string, and a type of gourd which acts as a sound box. One would hit the metal wire with a wooden stick and move the Bermuda closer and further away from the body to change the tone of the sound box, which produces a unique sound, and is often used for special effects. It is clearly heard in track 1 to keep the melody going for the lead vocal to do his call and response.
It is also heard some in the 3rd track on the CD. The final musical form I would like to talk about is that of Boss Nova. This musical styled branched from the popular musical style of Samba. Although they do have similarities, Boss Nova is much more complex harmonically and less percussive. It was first seen near the beachheads of ROI De Jeanine when samba was more popular in the falls of the towns. Boss Nova has a strong dependents on the the nylon tiring of the common guitar for a main instrument, and also the piano plays a huge role in producing the sounds of the this music type.
The rhythm of Boss Nova is similar to that of Samba also, but when played on the guitar, it has basic one bar patterns. But the harmonica in Boss Nova has a common future of Jazz musical, which is inspired by African slaves. This musical style is seen on track 3 of the CD, but with a more modern taste of it. But the strong flutes and drums keep the fast paced melody going and other instruments Jump in at certain points to compliment the vocals, that have call and response pattern to it.