Jazz started when World War I had Just ended and a social revolution was on Its way, Customs and values of previous were rejected. Life was to be lived to the fullest. This was also known as the era of the “lost generations,” and the “flapper” with her rolled stockings, short skirts, and straight up-and-down look. They disturbed their elders in the casino, night clubs, and speakeasies that replaced the ballrooms of prewar days, Dancing became more Informal ; close of the nineteenth century In the unpleasant dance halls and whorehouses of the South and Midwest where the word Jazz commonly meant sexual intercourse.
Southern blacks, delivered from slavery a few decades before, started playing European music Afro modifications. The first place of jazz has many origins: New Orleans, SST. Louis, Memphis and Kansas City are Just a few. New Orleans was and still remains an important Jazz center. The ethnic backgrounds of people who went to the whorehouses and bars were a huge part of the development of Jazz music. Because of the Louisiana Purchase, the city had been under the Spanish French rule. By 1900, it was a blend of different ethnic backgrounds such as Spanish, French, English, German, Italian, Slavic and countless lacks originally brought in as slaves.
The first jazz bands contained a “rhythm section” and a “melodic section”. The rhythm section consisted of a string bass, drums, and a guitar or banjo. The “melodic section” consisted of a cornet, trombone, clarinet, and a violin. As years went on jazz was taken over by large orchestras. Jazz bands contained fifteen or more musicians. They are now considered and known as the “big bands”, even though the Jazz music we hear today has very little to do with real Jazz. Jazz is characterized by certain features.
The first Is a tendency to stress he weak beats of the bar (2nd and 4th) in contrast to traditional music which stressed the first and third beats. The second beat in the bar is syncopation through an extensive repetition of short and strongly rhythmic phrases or “riffs”. The third feature of Jazz is swing which Is regularly but subtle pulsation which animates 4/4 time. The swing must be present In every good Jazz performance. Jazz Is a musical style that has been with us for over a century. Jazz originated in the united States. It expanded over the entire world, and the Jazz influence can be seen everywhere.
It is means of communication and a universal language that Is understood by people In all nations and all walks of life. It has been a major Influence on many styles and classes of music since its origin in the late sass’s. Jazz music has also influenced dance, clothing styles, the recording industry, the film industry, radio and television, I OFF the first to ever be a bandleader in improvised music which we know as Jazz music is a man named Charles Buddy Bolder. He was known as the first “King” of the cornet. He goes by Buddy was born in New Orleans in 1877.
He is remembered by the Caucasians of his time period as one of the best horn players they have ever heard. Buddy band started playing around 1895 in New Orleans parades and dances. By 1905, Buddy became famous regularly performing at city dance halls and parks. He was known for his loud clear tone when he played his cornet. He led his six piece unit which consisted of cornet, clarinet, trombone, guitar, double bass and drums. In 1907 Buddy Bolder became depressed and very ill from alcoholism and turned his self in into a mental institution. He spent the remainder of his life there until he died in 1931.
Charles Buddy Bolder helped to standardize the New Orleans Jazz ensemble and repertory. One major contributor to Jazz was Louis Daniel Armstrong. Armstrong was born August 4, 1901 in New Orleans, Louisiana. He always celebrated his birth as July 4, 1900 because that is what he was told and believed. His real date of birth was not known until after his death July 6, 1971. His father Willie, a laborer, left the family soon after he was born. His mother was a domestic servant and a part time prostitute called Anyone. Louis mom left him and his sister, Beatrice (also called Mama Lucy), n the care of his grandma much of the time.
Through all his troubles, Armstrong always believed that the love of his family helped him make it through those rough times. Lie describes his neighborhood as the “battlefield” because the toughest kids in town used to live there, and would shoot and fight often. He dressed in rags and usually shopped in garbage cans. Louis sang wit”WONDERFUL WORLD” for young Louis. On New Years in 1913 Louis borrowed a gun ND fired a shot into the air and was arrested.
He was sent to the city’s Colored Waif’s Home for Boys, where he came under the very capable tutorship of Peter Davis, the music instructor at the home. Armstrong had some background in harmony singing as a natural ability and the experience of singing on the streets. He began to study music under Mr.. Davis. First he studied vocals, then percussion, and finally cornet. The music was very structured mostly marches and other ensemble music. After being released from the waif’s home at age fourteen, Louis worked selling papers, unloading boats, and selling coal from a horse and cart.
He also listened to bands at clubs like the Come Clean Dance Hall, Funky Butt Hall, and Mahogany Hall, in New Orleans. His favorite band was the Kid ROR Band lead by Joe “King” Oliver. Joe quickly became young Louse’s mentor. By 1917 Louis was playing in various groups at dive bars in New Orleans’ Storyteller section. He Joined Fate Marble’s band in SST. Louis in 1919 and stayed with him until 1921. When King Oliver left New Orleans to go to Chicago, Louis took his place in Kid Orgy’s band, at the suggestion of Oliver.
In 1922 Louis received a telegram from Joe Oliver, asking him to Join his Creole Jazz Band at Lincoln Gardens in Chicago. Louis learned much working with Oliver. The experience of playing second cornet helped to develop his ear and harmonies and the importance of playing straight lead as Oliver did. These were lessons that Armstrong would use for the remainder of his life. While playing in Oliver’s Creole Jazz Band, Louis met Lillian Hardin the piano player for the band. They were married in He moved to New York to play in Fletcher Henderson Orchestra for 13 months.
While in New York he worked many recording sessions with numerous Blues singers including Bessie Smith on her 1925 classic recording of “SST. Louis Blues”. In 1925 Armstrong moved back to Chicago and Joined his wife’s band at the Dreamland. He recorded his first Hot Five records that same year. This was the first time Louis had made records under his own name. The records made by Louis Armstrong’s Hot Five and Hot Seven are considered to be absolute Jazz classics and peak of his creative powers. The band never played live, but continued recording until 1928. Louis Armstrong manager, Joe Glasses died in 1969.
Louis Armstrong died in his sleep in 1971 at his home in Corona, New York. These two Jazz musicians had a lot in common. Louis Armstrong and Buddy Bolder lived hard lives. They went through a lot to become the musicians they were. They both played the cornet and took the instrument to levels no man could ever imagine. Armstrong and Bolder were and always will be the best in their time and era. If it were not for these two musicians, Jazz music would not be what it is today. They are also different in a few ways. Armstrong went from rags to riches while Bolder never really made it big enough to come rich.