Religious ritual: to honor Gods, new Gods invented- they still honored their Gods by performing plays and had festivals and holidays where they performed a play/plays for a certain play. Theatre: variety entertainment, comedy of character-The Greek actor wore costumes similar to everyday Greek life. Sponsors: Government- Audience: free and open to all- admission was free and sometimes the audience would become so crowded that guards had to enforce order. Actors: Men only, Histrionic, in competition- all the performers were males and wore masks.
Chorus: reduced in size in favor of character- the orchestra area never mimed to be used in the Roman comedies, which did not include a chorus. Plays: Tragedy: reworking of Greek tragedies- Surviving playwrights:Ovid- Racine and Chronicle Seneca- 9 have survived, but they apparently were not intended for public performance Psychological motivation- some idea of free will Comedy: Character comedy Stock characters, stereotypes- A stock character is a fictional character that relies heavily on cultural types or stereotypes for its personality, manner Of speech, and other characteristics.
Surviving playwrights:plateau- (254-184 b. C. ) Trench- (195-159 b. C. ) Plateau and Trench both wrote together twenty- six Roman comedies Stock Character: stereotypes- Minor forms of drama: Mime- when you express things silently Pantomime- Comedy; preferably a play for children Theatre space: outdoors, daytime only, freestanding- Theatres were built temporarily Science front-the elaborately decorated background of a Roman theatre Stage Orchestra-While the Roman theatre had an orchestra below and in front of the pulpit, it was not regularly used by the performers but served as a seating area for dignitaries
Altar-characters in Roman Comedy sometimes used and sometimes abused an altar during the course of a play Vomiting- a passage situated below or behind a tier of seats in an amphitheatre, through which big crowds can exit rapidly at the end of a performance. Stage curtains: Ileum- a front curtain which was raised and lowered on telescoping poles. Aspartic- a tapestry stretched on the science front, the back wall of the stage.