The contrariness of human nature can non genuinely be called into inquiry. Since before composing existed there have been full narratives that try to make justness to the atrocious extremes to which work forces and adult females will travel to fulfill their ain desires. Through literature we can research and sort the exact perversion which our ideas undergo, and so get down to understand them better, and possibly prevent ourselves from perpetrating the same errors in our ain lives. We can see in Madame Bovary the failing of the human psyche, the infirmity of our ethical motives when it stands in the manner of possible felicity. In Madame Bovary the subjects of misrepresentation, greed, naivete and extravagance and philistinism are explored, and through this geographic expedition we attain an apprehension of what precisely people will make to make the purposes they have in life.

Misrepresentation is a subject nowadays throughout the full novel, and Emma ‘s full nature becomes delusory as she repeatedly lies to and conceal the truth from her hubby. She continually lies to him so she may see other work forces and satiate her desire for love affair and a interruption from humdrum. First she fabricates to be with Rodolphe, who she even meets with near her ain house ; and later with Leon, with whom she makes frequent rendezvous when she goes to town, purportedly to take the in truth non-existent piano lessons she convinced Charles to pay for her. When Charles discovers an abnormality in her narratives, she lies even more, as worlds are wont to make, to cover up the first story she told. Eventually Emma ‘s full life becomes a series of made-up narratives, one after the other, and she spins herself a web of prevarications that she is unable to maintain up until the terminal of the novel.

Emma ‘s fraudulence would hold ne’er worked, nevertheless, if it was non for the utmost naivete of her hubby. Charles does non see anything at all, even when Emma and Leon spend excessive sums of clip speaking flirtingly in forepart of him ; even when she invariably finds any alibi to run to town, despite holding talked to the individual who is purportedly learning her piano and found out she does non even have cognition of his married woman. Charles Bovary is so lost in the felicity of holding found a “ perfect ” married woman that he does non believe she would make the things she does, even though she does it compensate to his face ; perchance portion of him recognize she is unfaithful and yet ignores the fact so that he may be happy. Another presentation of naivete in the novel, this clip by Madame Bovary herself, is her dream of the hereafter, a antic one where she has the perfect adult male who ne’er loses his temptingness, and they embark on a passionate life together, populating in wealth and manner. This infantile and unreal bubble is popped when she realizes the humdrum of her life, and she sees that passion does non travel on everlastingly. Nonetheless she continues to prosecute that ideal, with work forces other than her hubby, and so ruins her full life.

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One of the more colorful characters we encounter in the novel is Monsieur L’heureux, a adult male who embodies both misrepresentation and greed. He continually convinces Emma to purchase from him on recognition, driving the Bovary family further and further into debt, all to fulfill his ain greedy desires. L’heureux desires money so much, he does non even waver to destruct a matrimony and do the bankruptcy of an honest, working physician. He uses an unbelievable sum of craft to carry Emma to purchase highly expensive points, to the full cognizant she does non in fact possess the money to pay for all of it. He so has the saddle sore to confront Monsieur Bovary and demo him measures for things he ne’er really delivered when Emma becomes bedfast, and negotiations her, when she recovers, into obtaining power of lawyer over Charles ‘ wealths, merely so she can pay for objects that were ne’er necessary. L’heureux is, by and big, the greediest character in the full novel.

None of L’heureux ‘s jokes would be possible, nevertheless, if it was non for the extravagance and philistinism that Emma exhibits in the novel. Throughout the fresh she digs herself a fiscal hole as she buys more and more unneeded points, droping into debt. The extent to which she goes for stuff goods is such that even when she realizes she is in debt, she sells a house that belonged to her hubby ‘s male parent and continues purchasing objects and furniture she does non necessitate. She seems to believe that the flow of Charles ‘ money is ne’er stoping and ne’er spread outing, that she may buy and buy on and on and that there will ne’er be effects, that there will ever be money to pay for them. Her quenchless thirst for stuff illusions seems to be the merchandise of the phantasies she had of her life, of life in complete luxury, non merely ne’er desiring for anything, but besides with all the ownerships that would impair her as a member of the “ high society ” . Emma ‘s mercenary desires, coupled with her infidelity, are what cause her eventual ruin at her ain custodies.

The deepnesss to which human existences will drop to fulfill their wants are explored through the complementary subjects of greed and extravagance and philistinism, and naivete and misrepresentation. The fulfillment of one individual ‘s greed is merely possible because the ne’er stoping desire for material goods of another ; the misrepresentations carried out by one individual would non work if non for the naivete of the one whom they are seeking to lead on. All of the fortunes we find in “ Madame Bovary ” cause the unravelling of a truly perverse and intricate set of involvements, and give us an penetration into the baseness of human nature. Gustave Flaubert efficaciously shows us how, because of these involvements, a individual ‘s life can be destroyed, and in the procedure those of the 1s near to that individual. Emma Bovary demolishes a absolutely good and potentially happy life, merely for the interest of fulfilling the desires she got when reading about fairy narrative happy terminations and breath taking love narratives. Through the chase of more felicity, she destroyed that which she already had and made those close to her suffer.