A. Ralph: Ralph brings civilisation to the island with his exceeding leading and sagaciousness. Through his wise determinations, he continuously pulls the male childs closer to being rescued. However, Ralph ‘s attempt to convey peace miserably fails at the terminal, as male childs bit by bit get down to travel against his beliefs.

Civilized: As an elective leader of the folk, Ralph repeatedly attempts to organize civilisation unlike the other male childs. While others stay nescient to the state of affairs by concentrating on holding merriment on the island, Ralph does non discontinue to pour all his strengths to educate the male childs by edifice huts, making fire, and delegating responsibilities.

Unwavering: Throughout the novel, Ralph refuses to yield to the barbarian life style the other male childs have yielded to, despite the given fortunes on this helter-skelter island. Ralph continues to maintain his humanity by keeping in his interior savageness, even when his ain life is at interest.

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B. Piggy: As a fat child with asthma, Piggy holds all the indispensable traits to being a stereotyped annoyance kid, doing many to dislike him. Although Piggy can be considered as the most intelligent one in the group, he frequently fails to acquire acknowledged and appreciated by others for the parts he made to the island.

Dependant: Despite the reasonable determinations he brings to the tabular array that would be prudent to the male childs ‘ endurance, Piggy ever requires Jack ‘s presence to acquire things done. Piggy needs Ralph to carry through even a simplest undertaking on the island, like giving the littluns bids. Without Jack, Piggy is non respected or accepted by others.

Faithful: Through midst and thin, Piggy stays by Ralph ‘s side as his best friend. Almost nowhere in the book can Ralph be seen without Piggy, as two seem to be inseparable throughout the whole shop. Piggy devotedly guides Ralph to the right way and corsets faithful, even to the point where he sacrifices his ain life.

C. Simon: Simon is an anomic figure in the folk of the male childs on the island, due to his alone adulthood and morality toward life. Although he prefers being entirely in a abandoned country off from others on the island, Simon still puts his attempt to assist and salvage the male childs from problem. Unfortunately, his guiltless attempts subsequently takes his life off at the terminal, akin to an image of Jesus Christ.

Compassionate: Simon may look like he is apathetic toward other male childs through his stray position in the folk, nevertheless, he clearly is non ; Simon is really really compassionate about them. While others are occupied on holding merriment, Simon entirely pours his weak strengths to construct huts for the littluns. Besides, it is Simon that retrieves back Piggy ‘s flown off specs back to him when it flies off from Jack ‘s heavy blow.

Sacrificial: Simon becomes one of the first male childs to decease on the island, despite all his goodness. Although he ne’er harmed others or even intended to, Simon gets killed anyhow by the male childs ‘ ain bare custodies. It can be inferred that he has been sacrificed to nature for the wickednesss other male childs have committed, doing him the whipping boy of the folk.

D. Jack: After set downing on the island, Jack undergoes a dramatic passage from a choirboy who likes to flash his ability to “ sing C crisp, ” to a barbarian who likes to behead a dead hog ‘s organic structure. Jack rejects to accommodate to the civilisation offered by Ralph, but desires to make his ain to the full under his power.

Rebellious: In reverse to the remainder of the male childs, who easy agree to the determinations made by Ralph, Jack entirely refuses to be a follower. Alternatively, he wishes to hold full authorization of his ain, subsequently ensuing him to do his ain separate folk. Jack merely does non desire to be under person else ‘s control, which subsequently causes war and deceases among the male childs.

Charismatic: Charisma is an indispensable trait for all leaders. Inclined for power, Jack fortunately cherishes that magnetic side in him, unlike Ralph who miserably fails to take his male childs into right way. All his actions, like camouflaging his face with pigment, seem admirable to his followings ‘ eyes. Due to Jack ‘s such trait, he finally obtains full control over his male childs in the folk.


E. Samneric: Samneric is a corporate term depicting Sam and Eric, who are indistinguishable twins hence indistinguishable to others. They tend to be followings in the narrative to whoever is in power, whether it is Ralph or Jack.

Powerless: Samneric are really undistinguished to the folk, as they have no voice or power over what they do. They are expected to obey whatever bids are given to them under any fortunes.

Loyal: Although Samneric abandoned Ralph and Piggy for Jack, their trueness toward the former two can frequently be seen in the novel. When Ralph is being watchfully followed by Jack ‘s folk for him to be killed, Samneric chooses to back up Jack, by alarming him that he is being wanted. Samneric ‘s trueness toward Ralph finally causes Jack ‘s folk to prostration in the terminal.

F. Roger: As Jack ‘s chief follower and his official torturer of the folk, Roger is a barbarous male child that merely sees hatred in his eyes. No affair who the mark is, Roger wishes to destruct them utilizing force. He sheds no commiseration on the littluns either, as he one time viciously demolishes their cherished sand palace.

Sadistic: Even though he intentionally misses the shootings, Roger is one time seen throwing unsafe stones at Henry. Roger is to the full cognizant that the stones will scare the victim in panic, nevertheless, the idea does non trouble oneself him at all. He is besides the individual to turn over the bowlder that slayings Piggy.

G. The Lord of the Fliess: The Lord of the Flies is a voice spoken through stick-impaled sow ‘s caput, and is merely heard by Simon. It is unknown whether the Lord of the Flies is Simon ‘s hallucination or the island ‘s supernatural figure.

Cruel: The Lord of the Flies signify the inhuman treatment that took over all the male childs. It self-proclaims to be indestructible, and declares that it will stay among the male childs everlastingly. It pitilessly threatens guiltless Simon every bit good, who gets terrified of the Lord ‘s being.

5. Settings

I. The Lagoon: “ Blue of all sunglassess and shadowy green and purple, ” the beautiful laguna of the island serves as the gap point of the narrative where the scattered male childs of the island come together for the first clip. Described as an oasis in center of a dry desert created by an “ act of God, ” the laguna offers a peaceful and comforting feeling to the readers. Nothing baleful seems to go on to the male childs once they are in the laguna, in contrary to many other scenes in the novel.

II. The Forest: The jungle in the island can be seen as the topographic point where savageness in the male childs hatch to life. With “ hogs squealing, ” “ mice scream, ” and “ birds shouting ” everyplace, the wood is doubtless an prototype of wilderness in the novel. The male childs ‘ first slaying happens in the wood, every bit good as their very last. Whenever the forest enters the scene, readers can automatically presume that an act of savageness will take topographic point, whether it is butchering a hog for nutrient, or killing an guiltless male child with au naturel custodies.

III. Castle Rock: Like a charming fortress surrounded by “ unusual growings of coral, poly, and weed, ” Castle Rock ab initio makes an stimulating feeling on the male childs with its ocular temptation. Despite its outer beauty, nevertheless, Ralph easy comes to recognize that the Castle Rock is non suited for a shelter due to miss of indispensable survival elements like “ fresh H2O, ” “ nutrient, ” and “ shelter. ” On the other manus, Jack makes an statement that the stone is really ideal for a shelter, as it is equipped with excess sum of harmful arms. Jack subsequently claims Castle Rock as his folk ‘s garrison, doing usage of those very arms to get the better of their enemies like Piggy. In decision, the Castle Rock mean a signifier of savageness for the readers, as one of deathful topographic points on the island.

6. Plot

In center of an on-going war, a group of English male childs land on an uninhabited island from an aircraft. They shortly gather to the blow of the conch made by Ralph and Piggy.

Led by magnetic Ralph, the male childs set up a civilisation by making shelter, roll uping nutrient, and delegating responsibilities.

To higher their opportunity of being rescued, the male childs decide to do fire as a signal. However, Jack ‘s boys become obsessed with runing alternatively, doing their being to travel unnoticed by a passing-by ship.

“ Littluns ” claim that they have seen a foreign animal on the island, and calls it “ beastie. ”

Unable to defy Ralph, Jack rebels out of the folk and organize his ain. A handful sum of male childs follow Ralph, go forthing him and Piggy behind.

The new group begins to run wild hogs in the jungle like barbarians, and even decapitates one of the sows for a gift to the “ animal. ” Through that caput, the Lord of the Flies speak to Simon of how evil will non be defeated on this island.

Silhouette of a fallen parachuter makes an image akin to a big life animal, terrorising the male childs. Simon discovers the true individuality of this object, and efforts to state the others about it.

The male childs, masked in their savageness, mistake Simon ‘s outgrowth as the animal ‘s and viciously slaughters him with bare custodies.

The following twenty-four hours, Jack ‘s male childs commit to themselves to steal Piggy ‘s eyeglasses to make fire. In the advancement, one of the male childs throws a heavy bowlder aimed straight at Piggy. Along with the conch, Piggy ends his life in ruins.

Jack ‘s male childs continue to run for Jack in hopes of killing him. After puting the whole wood on fire in effort to oblige Ralph off from his concealment, an officer sights the fume.

The narrative comes to shut as the male childs eventually acquire rescued.

7. Major Subjects

A. Importance of Civilization:

A war is being waged outside the island, interrupting the civilised peace. The war so causes the male childs to be dropped onto the unknown island.

The male childs easy drag themselves off from being rescued due to their ain rebellious Acts of the Apostless against the leader.

Unorganized life on the island finally leads the male childs into complete calamity.

The male childs end up losing their saneness due to miss of civilisation, subsequently even killing each other.

Golding emphasizes the demand for civilisation in order for a community to last, whether the group is little as a folk, or large as a state. Without order, each person ‘s greed and demands will shortly do corruptness, ensuing in entire pandemonium that might even impact one ‘s life.

B. Corruptness of Power:

Jack ‘s desire for control causes interior struggles in the group, doing the folk to divide into two sides: Jack ‘s and Ralph ‘s.

As clip base on ballss, Jack abuses his newfound strength by carry throughing his demands.

Jack rapidly becomes corrupted with his control. He even orders his male childs to slay Ralph.

It is natural for a adult male to be thirsty for power, as the same goes for Jack. However, Golding high spots that with inordinate power, comes an unmanageable dictatorship. Jack was given all the power he had of all time wanted in his new folk with no limitations whatsoever. Unable to command his unconstrained freedom, Jack shortly lets his interior greed take over him.

C. The Danger of Fear:

It is the terrorising fright in the littluns that bring the “ beastie ” to life.

The male childs ‘ fright of “ the beastie ” causes them to takes off Simon ‘s life.

Through picturing all the unfortunate results caused by holding fright in something, Golding dramatically shows the consequence a mere emotion has over one ‘s actions. In other words, the writer suggests that one should really fear the emotion “ fright ” itself, for its danger is huge and unpredictable.

8. Symbols

A. The Conch

“ I got the conch… I got the right to talk. ” ( Chapter 2, p.36 )

“ He put the conch to his lips and began to blow. Saves appeared, painted out of acknowledgment… ” ( Chapter 11, p.157 )

The conch symbolizes authorization, civilisation, and order on the island. Once the conch is blown, all the male childs are expected to garner at the location of the sound. It would be non an exaggeration to state that the conch entirely possesses more power than anyone in the folk, with exclusions to Jack and Ralph. Besides, each and every member of the folk is enforced to obey the Torahs of the conch, supplying a signifier of civilisation to the island.

B. The Fire

“ If a ship comes near the island they may non detect us. So we must do fume on top of the mountain. We must do a fire. ” ( Chapter 2, p.33 )

“ All at one time the visible radiations wavering in front of him merged together… and a tall shrub straight in his way explosion into a great fan-shaped fire. ” ( Chapter 12, p. 165 )

As one of the most critical component for endurance, Ralph and Piggy become extremely obsessed with the combustion of fire, and even efforts to trip a conflict with Jack for allowing the fire go out. Fire symbolizes hope and expectancy for the male childs to acquire rescued, as it seems to be the lone manner available. Ironically, Golding uses fire to picture devastation as good, as becomes a tool for barbarians to run Ralph at the terminal.

C. Piggy ‘s Specs

“ His specs-use them as combustion spectacless! ” ( Chapter 2, p.32 )

“ You have n’t got Piggy ‘s eyeglasses, so you ca n’t [ get down the fire once more ] . ” ( Chapter 7, p. 102 )

In the beginning, Piggy ‘s eyeglasses are treated as an irritation to others, since it is nil but a mere ocular adjutant for almost-blind Piggy. However, right at the minute when Ralph discovers its new usage, his eyeglasses immediately go a must-need object for all male childs ‘ endurance. Piggy ‘s eyeglasses enable the male childs to light a fire by concentrating the sunshine beams, and if a group does non hold this really tool, the group becomes helpless. All in all, the eyeglasses symbolize mind in the folk, as the folk can non be functional without them.

9. Imagination

I. “ The male child with just hair lowered himself down the last few pess of stone and began to pick his manner toward the laguna. Though he had taken off his school jumper and trailed it now from one manus, his gray shirt stuck to him and his hair was plastered to his brow. All round him the long cicatrix smashed into the jungle was a bath of heat. He was scrambling to a great extent among the creepers and broken short pantss when a bird, a vision of ruddy and xanthous, flashed upwards with a witch-like call. ” ( Chapter 1, p.1 )

Taging off the beginning of the novel, Ralph makes his first visual aspect as a male child who clearly seems tired and fatigued. To stress his weak physical status, it is depicted by the writer that Ralph is “ draging ” his taken-off shirt. Akin to dragging, the image of Ralph “ draging ” the shirt suggests that the male child is to the full drained of energy from exhaustion. Many factors around him support Ralph ‘s fatigue, such as “ a bath of heat ” hammering him down oppressively.

II. “ They lay there listening, at first with uncertainty but so with panic to the description the twins breathed at them between turns of utmost silence. Soon the darkness was full of claws, full of the atrocious unknown and threat. An endless morning faded the stars out, and at last visible radiation, sad and gray, filtered into the shelter. They began to stir through still the universe outside the shelter was impossibly unsafe. The labyrinth of the darkness sorted into close and far, and at the high point of the sky the cloudlets were warmed with colour. A individual sea bird flapped upwards with a hoarse call… ” ( Chapter 6, p. 82 )

In hopes of happening the animal semen alive, Sam and Eric autumn into the abysm of darkness as they observe “ the universe outside ” in “ utmost silence. ” However, alternatively of a animal, merely the endangering tranquil of nature greets the twins into its “ endless ” sky. Although soundless and unagitated, the temper is yet far from being peaceable, but instead “ full of claws ” and “ full of atrocious. ” Supporting this eerie atmosphere, a individual sea bird entirely from its flock fills the air with a “ gruff call. ” It seems the uncomfortableness and fright in the male childs ‘ heads are making an awkward unusual atmosphere for all.

III. “ The stone struck Piggy a peeking blow from mentum to knee ; the conch exploded into a 1000 white fragments and ceased to be. Piggy, stating nil, with no clip for even a oink, traveled through the air sideways from the work, turning over as he went. The stone bounded twice and was lost in the wood. Piggy fell 40 pess and landed on his dorsum across the square ruddy stone in the sea. ” ( Chapter 11, p. 163 )

In this transition, the male childs and their large bowlder viciously obliterates the two cardinal figures of civilisation the island has had: Piggy and the conch. Through this devastation, Golding declares the terminal for all civilisation and humanity on the island, both “ ceas [ ing ] to be. ” The power of the rebellions was clearly excessively strong for Piggy or Ralph to get the better of, finally go forthing them vulnerable for entire licking. Besides, as expressed through “ 1000 white fragments ” of the destroyed conch, the harm done seems to be irreversible for the male childs.

10. Significance of rubric of work

Although neither existent or majorly important in the narrative, the rubric of the book, Lord of the Flies really carries a really of import significance to it. As a sacrificial caput of a sow pierced with a stick, the Lord of the Flies symbolizes the indestructible fright, immorality, and savageness inside all male childs on the island. Those three kernel of life finally causes the struggles in the novel, particularly between humane Ralph and savaged Jack.

11. Writer ‘s techniques


“ Then the kiping leviathan breathed out, the Waterss rose… ” ( Chapter 6. p. 93 )

Simon being Jesus Christ, Jack being Judas

Golding uses a handful sum of scriptural allusions in Lord of the Fliess that are easy noticeable, major 1s being the characters. It is rather apparent that Simon portrays the image of Jesus Christ in the Bible, as both are known to be the guiltless whipping boies in their several narrative. Besides, Jack partly reflects the image of Judas in the Bible, with both being the informer and immorality in their group. Last, Golding frequently uses scriptural allusions in specific sentences every bit good, like how he illustrated a scene of lifting H2O as the breath of “ the sleeping leviathan. ” Leviathan is really a sea monster in the Bible that is known to be the gatekeeper of Hell.