Words can cause pain. Two of the main reasons people are bullied are because of appearance and social status. Bullies pick on people they think don’t fit in, usually because of how they look, how they act, their race, religion, or sexual preference. There are three main types of bullying such as physical bullying, verbal bullying and cyber bullying.

Bullying does not just effect children but dulls as well, bullying is a serious problem that needs to be prevented because of the negative effects it has mentally and physically on both the victim and the one doing the bullying and with the right education people can prevent bullying from happening. Solutions to bullying include gathering people together to talk about this serious issue and educating them as to how this is negatively affecting our schools, community, and workplace.

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Of the three main types of bullying which include physical, verbal and cyber bulling, physical bullying is said to be the worst of type, physical violence twine two people for example; hitting, pushing kicking, tripping, slapping, spitting. “Middle school is said to be the age that bullying is the most common, this is the age where young people want more to fit in with their peers, making some students more likely to bully or condone bullying to fit in, when those who don’t fit in stand out more as victims. “(falsification’s. Erg) The victim is almost always weaker than the bully “researchers have found that depressed individuals hold negative views of themselves, the world, and the future. The negative expectations characterize hopelessness and can tem from stressful events that have occurred (Spillages & Swear 64). ” These negative views of themselves can easily make them weaker and viewed as a target. Some signs that a student may be a victim of physical bullying are bruises, cuts, unexplained injuries, skipping certain classes or events, withdrawing from others, displaying low self esteem etc.

Aggression can be often be mistaken for (physical) bullying, bullying may be considered a subset of aggression, characterized by what is sometimes referred to as “Double IR” (imbalance of power, intentional acts, and repeated ever time). ” The bully is usually more powerful than the victim and commits aggressive behaviors ‘i (Orphans & Horns 14) It is easy to mix up the two terms bullying vs.. Aggressive behavior but they do have two different meanings.

An example in the Harry potter Books, written by Rolling, there is a villainous character named Dorado Mallory who engages in aggressive behaviors directed at Harry Potter. These behaviors are considered aggressive behavior though, not bullying because both of the student have similar levels of power. If Dorado chose someone with less power and not able o fight back or defend themselves then that indeed would be considered bullying, because of the imbalance of the skill sets between the two.

The next form of bullying is cyber bullying, The National Crime Prevention Council describes cyber bullying as “when a child, preteen or teen is tormented, threatened, harassed, humiliated, embarrassed or otherwise targeted by another child, preteen or teen using the Internet, interactive and digital technologies or mobile phones. ” Cyber bullying is getting more and more popular as technology takes over our society. Almost all children/adults eve some form of technology that allows them to be a victim, or a bully.

Hiding behind a computer screen is easy and things can be said without automatic consequences. Cyber bullying is said to not just be a onetime event, there are usually a few encounters that escalate. In this type of bullying there isn’t usually just one bully and one victim, the roles tend to switch. Cyber bullying does have consequences and when caught; the national crime prevention council explains the punishment “may rise to the level of a misdemeanors cyber harassment charge, or if the child is young enough may result in the charge of juvenile delinquency. Most of the time the cyber bullying does not go that far, although parents often try and pursue criminal charges, it typically can result in a child losing their ISP or IM accounts as a terms of service violation. In some cases, if hacking or password and identity theft is involved, can be a serious criminal matter under state and federal law. The third form and the most hard to detect is verbal bullying, this type of bullying can be any kind of name calling, gossiping, spoken abuse, this type f bullying occurs when someone uses language to gain power over their peers.

This is the type of bullying that may be commonly mixed up with teasing. Teasing is dynamic social interactions comprised of a set of verbal and or non verbal behaviors that occur among peers and is humorous and playful on one level but may be annoying to the target child on another level. Some amounts of teasing are normal but when teasing becomes (verbal) bullying, it becomes repetitive or when there is intent to hurt another emotionally/psychologically . Verbal bullying is the toughest type of bulling to identify such the attacks are not physical and it causes emotional and psychological damage to the victim.

This form of bullying is also more prevalent among female bullies, whereas male bullies tend to take the physical form. Besides the difference of the types of bullying there are gender differences in bullying. “In general, boys are more likely to engage in physical bullying than girls however, gender differences in verbal bullying are less consistent girls are often cited as using more relational aggression(e. G. Threatening to withdraw from a relationship) than boys (Spillages & Swear 16). Girls use rebel bullying as well as social exclusion techniques to dominate others and show their superiority and power. However, there are boys that use verbal techniques for domination they also use words when they want to avoid physically bullying someone else (falsification’s. Org)”. Over all girls tend to be move verbal and base their arguments based on body image. When boys on the other hand have more of a physical intimidation, boys will engage in bullying with other boys and girls when usually girls will only bully other girls typically.

Both genders and the way they bully, is equally harmful in their own says. When a bullying situation takes place the victim suffers short and long term effects. Mark Demoded wrote an article describing some short term effects, he included anger, depression, anxiety of settings in which the bullying may occur, greater incidence of illness and lower grades than non bullied peers. When Demoded took a survey on bullying experiences, he found that, of the people attempted suicide secondary to having been bullied, whereas he said only 3% of participants who were not bullied attempted suicide.

Bullying is not just a short term event bullying carries on into adult hood The long ERM effects that Demoded listed are reduced occupational opportunities, difficulty trusting people, increased tendency to want to be alone, self esteem problems etc. These short term and long term effects have mental and physical effects on the victims that last long term and seriously affect each person that was bullied. With the right amount of counseling or coping these effects can sometimes be undone but it takes a lot of mind set and confidence building.

When one thinks’ of bullying one tends to think mainly of the effects it has on the victim but the bully him or herself does suffer some short and long ERM effects as well, ‘bullying is violence, and it often leads to more violent behavior as the bully grows up. ” It’s estimated that 1 out of 4 elementary- school bullies will have a criminal record by the time they are 30. ” (falsification’s. Org) Some teen bullies end up being rejected by their peers and lose friendships as they grow older. Bullies may also fail in school and not have the career or relationship success that other people enjoy. Outbuilding. Gob states that, “people who do bully others are more likely to abuse alcohol and other drugs in adolescence and as life goes on, get into sights, vandalize property, drop out of school, engage in early sexual activity, have criminal convictions and traffic citation as adults, and be abusive toward their romantic partners, spouses, or children as adults,” which brings up the topic of the bullying cycle. The bullying cycle is a vicious cycle where everyone involved is typically hurt in some form.

The bullying cycle consists of three parts the first being the person who bullies, the next the victim who gets bullied and last, the larger group that allows the bullying to continue which is usually the peer group. This cycle keeps on going because people let it. In order to stop this cycle says the bullied person needs to stand up for him or herself and report to authority figures that the bullying is going on. Bullying is not just something that happens in schools it happens in the work place as well.

Most adults who are bullies were most likely bullies as children, and the cycle is continuing through their life still. Teresa Daniel the author of the book Stop Bullying at Work describes work place bullying as, “a global concept that incorporates harassment, intimidation, and aggressive or onetime violent behaviors. ” It’s said the bullying behaviors are repeated and attempted by one person to torment, wear down, and frustrate or get a reaction from another. It is treatment which persistently provokes, pressures, frightens and intimidates or otherwise discomforts another person while in the work place. Daniel 6)” Daniels took a survey and found that “in the recent U. S. Workplace bullying survey which asked why bullying happens, respondents reported the following, fifty six percent of bullying in the work place happens because of some aspects of the personality, twenty percent aid it was the bully’s because of the targets personality, while only fourteen percent suggested it was due to systemic issues that are a result of the organizational work environment (31 ” There are many different types of bullying from physical, cyber, and verbal, to work place bullying.

Bullying is an action that affects people of all ages and has short term effects along with some severe long term mental and social effects. Bullying does not only affect the victim but the one bullying as well. There needs to be something done about this awful action. Where do we go from here? Many bullying victims are reluctant to talk about their experiences, making it even harder to help them. Try to notice the symptoms of a victim such as low self esteems, low confidence, physical marks on the body, etc.

The first step in treating the situation is identifying the problem. You need to take an active part, you then need to report the bullying behaviors, show support to the victims and show them that someone out there does care about them. Also, if you can possibly step into the situation stick up for the victim, if you are a teacher you need to make the kids in your classroom aware of the problem. Make some classroom rules against bullying, open up a discussion, let children know if there is a problem you are there to help.

Being a teacher you have the responsibility to make sure the kids know what behaviors are acceptable and set consent nuances for when these parameters are ignored. For adult bullying and bullying in the work place, employers also need to be there to set guidelines. Bullying is a serious topic and is not something to be taken lightly. Overall, we can conclude bullying does not just affect children but adults as well, bullying is a serious problem that needs to be prevented because of the active effects it has mentally and physically on both the victim and the one doing the bullying.