This study would not be possible without those individuals that gave them assistance and guidance in the preparation and completion of this research. To the respondents, the Grade 8 students of Page-as National High School especially to their Class Adviser Mrs.. Sherry B. Sardinia, thank you for your time, knowledge, information and effort that they have given during the survey. It is our pleasure to have you as respondents. To Ms. Xenia M. Madagascar our subject professor, we thank her for her great ideas, comments, patience and understanding during the research.
To all of the references, that was truly beneficial for the newbie researchers. It served as a guide that effectively taught the researchers on how to come up with their own thoughts and ideas. To the researchers family and friends, thank you so much for the continuous support, guidance and for the unfailing love and as well as for the financial assistance that was truly needed throughout the study. And above all to our Almighty God, for giving them wisdom, strength, determination and blessings bestowed upon them for this study to be possible. To God be the glory.
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CHAPTER 1: THE PROBLEM AND ITS BACKGROUND Faced with harder economic competition and worried about the skills of the future work forces, the government lead by the President of the Philippines and his Department of Education Secretary are trying to connect education room preschool through post-secondary so that more students are prepared for further study and work. In October 5, 201 0, the recent program on Philippine Education as part of President Benign “Info’ Aquinas Oil’s Educational Reform Program was the instituting of the K- 12 Education plan.
The Pony Administration believes that adding more years to basic education in the Philippines could help solve the problems of unemployment, keep with global standards, and help Filipino students to have more time to choose the career that best suits their skills. Psychologically speaking, the short education program affects human placement of the Filipino children. A Filipino is legally a child before he or she turns 18 years old. Psychologists and educators say that children under 18 are generally not emotionally prepared for entrepreneurship or employment or higher education disciplines.
Commonly, Grade six pupils graduate at the age ranging from 11-13 years old, and fourth year high school students graduates at the range Of 15-17 years old. Therefore, these learners are still considered children and they are not capable to handle serious situations like decision – making and work task. In the Philippines, there is a reverting practice which is called, “Honing as Bung”, meaning a fruit which was taken from the trunk of the tree.
The ripened fruits which were taken from the trunk of the tree are more sweet and tasty compared to fruits which were taken ahead of time. The goal of the K- 12 Basic Education Program is to create a functional basic education system that will produce productive and responsible citizens equipped with the essential competencies and skills for both life – long learning and employment. This program will enhance the basic education system to full functionality to fulfill the basic learning needs of students.
This is in line with the agenda of the President Aquinas of having quality education as a long – term solution to poverty, in order to achieve these goals. The program has the following twin objectives: To give every student as opportunity to receive quality education based on an enhanced and decongest curriculum that is internationally recognized and comparable; Develop a curriculum that is rational and focus on excellence; Produce a pool of highly qualified and adequately trained teachers; Achieve high academic standards, especially in Mathematics, Science and English at all levels;
Produce graduates who are globally competitive and whose credential are recognized internationally; To change public perception that high school education is just a preparation for college; rather, it should allow one to take advantage of opportunities for gainful career or employment and/or self employment in a rapidly changing and increasingly globalizes environment; Produce graduates who possess skills and competencies that will allow them to be productive members of the society or pursue higher education; through coordination between the academic and business sectors, to change industry ring practices into account the enhance skills and competencies of K – 12 graduates. Source: Discussion Paper, 2010) The researchers are third year students of De La Sale university-Dissimilar taking up BBS in Office Administration major in Office Management and currently in the second semester of their third year. The research was conducted in the Academic Year 2014-2015. They are conducting a research to determine the level of awareness of the Grade 8 students in their new K-1 2 curriculum. The researchers considered this problem to be relevant, because it will really let the researchers determine level of awareness of the grade 8 dents in their new curriculum program. They have decided to make contributions to this problem and suggest appropriate ways to improve their attitude towards the subjects.
Statement of the Problem The purpose of this study is to determine the level Of awareness Of the Grade 8 students of Page-as National High School in the new K-12 curriculum in the Philippines for Academic year 2014 – 2015. More specifically, this research study sought answers to the following questions: 1 . What is the profile of the Grade 8 students-respondents during the AY 2014-2015 in terms of: a. Name b. Age c. Sex(M/F) d. Nationality . Permanent/Present Address f. Parents Educational Attainment g. Occupation of Parents h. Income of the Family 2. What is the average the level of awareness of the Grade 8 students based on the findings of the researchers according to the survey conducted? 3. What are the learning assessment of the grade 8 student-respondents during the SYS-2014-2015?
Statement of the Research Objectives This research study aims to determine the level of difficulty in subjects and the common factors causing academic difficulties among second year BOOM students of De La Sale University- Dismissals. The following are the research objectives. 1. To identify what is the level of awareness of the Grade 8 Students of PANS about their new curriculum. 2. To know the common reasons what will be the impact of the new curriculum program in the Grade 8 Students. 3. To help our fellow students to improve their grades and change their attitude towards a new curriculum. 4. To identify the academic learning difficulties and the cognitive levels Of students and some related factors.
Conceptual Framework Independent Variable Intervening Variables Figure 1. 0 Dependent Variable Figure 1. 0 illustrates all the variables that are found in the study. The pendent variable determined is the Assessment of the Grade 8 students in the level of awareness of K-1 2 curriculum. The independent variable determined by the researchers is the subject of the students in their new K-1 2 curriculum. And lastly, the demographic/intervening variables which was determined by the researchers were the respondents profile, name, age, sex (M/f), nationality, permanent/present address, parent’s educational attainment, parents occupation and income of their family.
This study will undertook the survey of the level of awareness of the Grade 8 students of Page-as National High School in the new K-12 curriculum n the Philippines for Academic year 2014 – 201 5, who did not experienced the old curriculum program in the Philippines in the previous year. The scope of this research only covers the specific subjects taken by the Grade 8 students during their Grade 7 as prescribed in their curriculum. This study also includes the specified reasons and factors that affect the academic awareness of the respondents, including the problems of the student himself, the teacher/adviser instructional methods and the environmental factors. RESEARCHERS – The researchers have concentrate on this research study, cause of its significant importance in the learning process and improvement of the Grade 8 students.
Determining the level of awareness of the Grade 8 students in the new K-1 2 curriculum in the Philippines, the researchers will be able to analyze and interpret the result of awareness of the Grade 8 students and how it will affect in their study. This particular study seems so relevant, because it will allow the researchers and the students as well, to evaluate the main factors of the new K-12 curriculum program in the Philippines. The information that will be gathered in this research will help the exponents to cope up in the new K-12 program, so that they will be able to adjust in some changes in their environment. TEACHERS – This refers to professional teacher who took the four year course program of Bachelor of Science in Secondary and Elementary Education. In this study, they are the instruments in the metallization of the government educational programs.
Through the implementation of K – 12 programs many schools will be hiring more teachers to cater the pupils needs. SCHOOL ADMINISTRATOR – will be gaining insights as to what measures are appropriate to help the teachers orient both students and teachers regarding he K- 12 program. PACE-AS NATIONAL HIGH SCHOOL – This is where the results of this study shall serve as reference in the metallization of the Department of Education (Doped) program particularly the K – 12. COMMUNITY – for they also play a vital role in the development of every learners. The school is part Of the community so every parents of the learner must know what the problems of the school are. So that they will understand what is happening and what is the good solution to that problem.
EXTERNAL STAKEHOLDERS – This refers to the alumni, parents, local leaders, retired teachers, youth leaders. They will be motivated to help and create a community environment that supports children’s enjoyment of their right to education and other rights. ECONOMY – The researchers believes that the new K-1 2 curriculum program in the Philippines has a significance in the economy. The objective of the K+1 2 program is to improve quality Of basic education. Several studies have shown that the improvements In the quality of education will increase GAP growth by as much as 2%. Studies in the I-J, India and US show that additional years of schooling also have positive overall impact on society. The
Enhanced K+12 Basic Education system will contribute to the development of emotionally and intellectually mature individuals capable of pursuing productive employment or entrepreneurship or higher education disciplines. RESPONDENTS – Moreover, this study will enable the researchers to determine the various significance of the new K-12 program to the respondents. An enhanced curriculum will decongest academic workload, giving students more time to master competencies and skills as well as time for other learning opportunities beyond the classroom, thus allowing for a more holistic development. Aside from that the Graduates of K-12 will possess competencies and skills relevant to the job market, The K+12 proposal will be designed to adjust and meet the fast-changing demands of society to prepare graduates with skills essential for the world fork.
And lastly Graduates will be prepared for higher education. Due to an enhanced curriculum that will provide relevant content and attuned with the changing needs of the times, basic education will ensure sufficient mastery of core subjects to its graduates such that graduates may opt to pursue higher education if they choose to. FUTURE RESEARCHERS – should conduct a study on the effectiveness of K after the implementation of the program -12 Level of awareness- a rating that measures the relative degree or rank on a scale of awareness. Students- are composed of the Grade 8 students studying at Rag-As National High School Academic Year 2014-2015.
Grade 8 – are the respondent of this research, they are the Grade 8, of Page-as National High School. School year 2014 – 2015. PANS – refers to Page-as National High School where the study was conducted. K – 12 – Letter “K” refers to kindergarten and “1 2” refers to the additional two (2) years in the basic education. It is the additional years after fourth years in secondary schooling. Profile – Refers to the respondent’s sex, age, address, and parent’s occupation. Sources – Refers to the basis and foundation where the K – 12 program was been known to the parents of Grade VII students. This can be through media such as television, radio, newspaper, journals and non-media such as forum.
Researchers – are 0431 students of De La Sale University- Dastardas taking up Bachelor of Science in Office Administration A. Y 2014-2015. They are composed of JOY Namely C. Olla, Camille P. Continuant, Mary Joy A. Salon, and Solely A. Palavered. School Administration- They are the Principal, Officer in Charge, Guidance Councilor, Adviser, and subject teachers, who are the ones’ that are responsible for implementing the new K-12 curriculum program in their school. AY – refers to the Academic Year, school year used in De La Sale University- Dastardas. CHAPTER II: REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE This chapter must compose of related literatures and studies and related readings.
The researcher has gone through intensive readings of materials, both printed and downloaded through internet which has a great significance o problem during the course of thesis writing. According to the Newspaper article entitled “K-1 2 Program, an answer or a burden? ” by C. P Valor’s. Many Filipinos want to enhance their thinking ability and their knowledge, some of them are spending money so they can go to other country to have their study in other country because they thought that when you study in other country you will be famous. As of now our government, especially ACHED and Doped implemented a K to 12 program, which allows the student to enroll into two more years in the secondary level before being able to pursue any degree in college.
Some people think that his will help them for being more efficient in their knowledge but still there are people thinks that this is a burden for them, burden in the case of money and time. This is the things that comes in their mind, but if they think it in a positive way, many things will change and improve, for example we can be globally competitive and they can be more efficient and more knowledgeable. Parents must not think in financial problem, yes this will cost a lot of expenses but if you will see it in a positive side, maybe their son or daughter can get higher positions in their job, especially serving our country. This is an answer for our future days, the youth of tomorrow will be the one that will help us for the improvement of this country.
Marathons (2011 ) conducted a related study about the Perception of Students and Parents involved in Primary to Secondary School Transition Programs. Transition programs, of different formats and complexities, based on both Australian and international research, have been introduced in some schools to facilitate transition. The aims of this research were to investigate and compare the perceptions of students, parents and teachers involved in several of these programs and to examine the extent to which transition orgasm can alleviate issues associated with transition between primary and secondary schools. Although executive staff and teachers also provided valuable information and perceptions. According to the “K-12: Beneficial or a scourge? Article, This Debate is on whether the government should put its limited resources on the Enhanced K-1 2 Basic Education Program which will add TV years to our present 10-year basic education. The enhanced K-12 program as many now know, will have kindergarten, 6 years of elementary education, four years of junior high school (Grades 7 to 10), and two years of senior high school. According to the 2010 Department of Education Briefing Report, the last two years (Grades 11 and 1 2) will provide time for the student to consolidate acquired academic skills and competencies. It plans to complete the enhanced 1 2-year curriculum and start with incoming Grade 1 students of SYS 2012-2013.
The rationale for the two years is to decongest and enhance basic education curricula, provide quality learning and be at par with other countries in Asia which provide more years for basic education. Now, a lot of students were alarmed. Some argues that this program will serve as an extra expense of our overspent while some says it’s a big opportunity for us to produce well experienced, competitive and international skilled graduates. Coalman (2012) conducted a study about the implementation of the K – 12 Education Reform in Star’s Schools, this study is a reform of education for a new era, because it views education as the key to the nation’s economic and social progress.
This study, one of a number of RAND studies that trace and document the reform process in Qatar, was designed to assess progress made in the first years of the K-12 reform’s implementation in Star’s schools and the perception of the parents on the Implementation of the K – 12 program. According to l. Cruz (2010). Parents have to shell out more money (for transportation and food) for the education of their children. The government does not have the money to pay for two more years of free education, since it does not even have the money that fully support today’s ten years. Doped must first solve the lack of classrooms, furniture and equipment, qualified teachers, and error-free textbooks.
We can do in ten years what everyone else in the world takes 12 years to do. Why do we have to follow what the rest f the world is doing? We are better than all of them. Filipinos right now are accepted in prestigious graduate schools in the world, even with only ten years of basic education. As far as the curriculum is concerned, Doped should fix the current subjects instead of adding new ones. The problem is the content, not the length, of basic education. As an editorial put it, we need to have better education, not more education. A high school diploma will not get anybody any. Verve, because business firms will not hire fresh high school graduates. Every family dreams of having a child graduate from college.
While dents are stuck in Grades 11 and 12, colleges and universities will have no freshmen for two years. This will spell financial disaster for many private Higher Education Institutions (HESS). The drop-out rate will increase because of the two extra years. Narrates (201 1) conducted a study about the Effects of Broken Homes among Early Teenagers to their Academic Performance this studies cited by the researchers have also shown that the country education program is equivalent to the 12-year education cycle followed abroad except that it IS being completed in only 1 0 years. These researches analyze and study what ill be the effects of the K+12 educational systems to the country, parents, and students.
Manual (2012) conducted a study about the Enhanced K- 12 program as Perceived by the Parents of Grade Six Pupils at Boa District, Boa Canaries Sure, School Year 2011-2012, this study id related to the researchers study because this focus on the perception of parents and reactions on K -12 implementation only differ on the respondents because this study has a wider respondents than the researchers study. According to an article entitled “Why does the Philippines Needs the K+12 Education System? ” By A. T Above. Starting this coming school year 2012- 201 3, the current education system of the Philippines will be enhanced from the 10- years of basic education into 12- years through the program called the K-1 2 Education Plan of the Department of Education.
The implementation of the K- 12 education plan in the Philippine Basic Education Curriculum is the key to our nation’s development. Though the government will face many problems in the long run of the implementation of the program, there really is a need to implement it because the enhancement of the quality of our education is very urgent and critical. Here are some of the good reasons not to disagree with K- 12 education plan in the Philippines according to Again Cruz (2010) in one Of his columns in a local newspaper: Sufficient Instructional Time, More Skilled and Competent Labor Force, Recognition as Professionals Abroad, and What We Are. Filipinos are known to be competitive in the international community.
While this may be true, our current education system hinders us in becoming more competitive among other countries. The K- 12 education plan offers a great solution to that problem. However, it is undeniable that there seems to be problems arising as we implement the aerogram such as lack of government budget, classrooms and school supplies as well as the teachers. But, if we focus on the long- term effect of K- 12, we can conclude that it is very beneficial to us Filipinos. Therefore, we must have the strong will in supporting K- 12 Educational Plan for the betterment of our education system and economy. Remember, if we want change in our society, we must start it with our education system. According to D. L. Lucas (2014).