As the people grew in numbers, they turned to the sea for a living and came daring and skilful sailors. Perhaps they learnt from the Egyptians how to build ships, and how to steer by the stars. They served the Egyptians for hundreds Of year, carrying their goods all over the eastern Mediterranean. Then about 1300 B. C. , when the power of the Pharaohs was passing away, they won their freedom. Soon they became the most important merchant people of the ancient world. Phoenicia never became a united country under a single ruler, but remained a string of City States, each with its king.

The wealthiest were Tare, Sides, Bibles (now Gabble), Cocoa (Acre) indurate, where archaeologists have been digging since 1929. Hiram, king of Tare, was one of the most powerful Phoenician kings. He was a friend of King Solomon, and supplied him with materials and workmen to build the Temple at Jerusalem. 1. Syria is situated A. In northern Arabia B. In Asia minor C. Between Arabia and Asia Minor D. Between the Mediterranean Sea and the Arabian Sea In line 4, “this” refers to 2. A. The Syrian coast The Arabian coast The Asia Minor coast C. D.

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The Mediterranean coast 3. The Phoenicians were The original inhabitants of Syria The same race as the Hebrews C. Inland people People from outside Syria who had mixed with the natives of Syria. 4. The Phoenicians became a sea-faring people because fishing to agriculture B. Of limited land for agriculture . A. They preferred 8. C. Of the increase in their size of their population D. Both (b) and (c) 5. The phrase “grew in numbers” in line 9 can be replaced by increased B. Became strong C. Are numerous D. Expanded 6. The Phoenicians won their independence in 1300 B.

C. From The merchant people The Egyptians King Hiram of Tare King Solomon 7. The word “native” in line 6 means Ancient Original Weaker Hebrew King Hiram Made Phoenicia a united country Ruled Tare, Sides, Bibles, Cocoa and Grit Was forced to help King Solomon build the Temple at Jerusalem D. Was a powerful king from Tare 9. The phrase “merchant people” line 15 can be replaced by Traders B. Egyptians C. Sailors D. Freedom-fighters 10. In the 20th century the city states of Phoenicia are important as A. Trading centers B. Archaeological sites C. Religious centers D.

Tourist resorts Gorillas King amongst the man-like apes is the gorilla. This magnificent beast is the biggest of the monkeys. An old male may be up to six feet high when he stands upright, and a specimen of this size would weigh at least four underweight. When he stretched his arm wide apart he would span nine feet from finger-tip to finger-tip. The gorilla has a black face, and most of his hair is black; his eyes are small, and his ears are also small, hairless and pressed close to the sides of his head, like the ears or a man. Above his eyes his brow forms a ridge, which gives him a fierce expression.

Gorillas are found in the tropical forests of West Africa. They live in family parties, consisting of one male with a number of wives and children. During the day they wander through the forest, feeding on fruit and vegetables, and at night he females and their young climb trees, where they sleep on platforms that they, make out of branches. The male sleeps at the foot of the tree, to protect his family. There are many stories about the fierceness of the gorilla, but they are not true. The gorilla is a harmless animal unless he is attacked, though he will sometimes steal a native farmer’s crops. . The word “beast” in line 2 refers to 3. 4. The apes The gorilla The monkeys animals The word “upright” in line 3 means Erect Ata standstill Stiffly Walking A gorilla weighs Four hundredweight at least More than four hundredweight Rarely four hundredweight At least four hundredweight when fully grown Which of the following feature when fully grown Its black face and hair Its small eyes and ears The fact that it measures nine feet from finger-tip to finger-tip D. Its ridged brow 5. The word “expression” in line 9 can be replaced by Impression 6. 7.

Appearance Gesture Voice A family group of gorilla consists of One male, many females and children Many males, few females and children Females and children One female, many males and children Are nomadic Seldom move from place to place Always stay in one area Spend most of their lives on tree-tops Which is most important part played by the male gorilla? A. Finds the way B. Finds fruit and vegetables for his family C. Protects his family D. Makes platforms out of branches for his wives and children to sleep on 9. The word that is closest in meaning to “harmless” in line 17 is nonaggression B.

Cowardly C. Innocent D. Safe 10. Which of the statements below is true? A. Gorilla are fierce-looking animals B. Many stories that are told proved the fierceness of gorillas C. Gorillas are in the habit of attacking men D. Gorillas are fierce because they steal the farmer’s crops Section A After eight hours at the wheel of the huge army lorry, the soldier was beginning to feel the strain. He knew how east it was for men who drive long distance to fall asleep white driving and he was anxious to reach his destination, a small town called Bridgewater, which was still some forty miles distant.

The country road stretched away endlessly before him and time seemed to pass so slowly that the solider could hardly believe his eyes when, towards the end of the afternoon, ho approached the outskirts of the town. The lorry labored up a very steep hill and the soldier felt relieved and happy o see Bridgewater itself spreading out in front of him. He settled back comfortably in his seat as the lorry moved down the hill at a leisurely speed. Then, for some unaccountable reason, the lorry began to move very quickly. The soldier gently depressed the brake but this had no effect.

He pressed it harder than ever, only to realize, to his horror, that the brakes were out of order! In a second, his sleepiness left him. The soldier gripped the wheel tightly as the lorry headed Wildly towards the town. He knew that if he tried to crash into the trees at the roadside, he would be running the risk of being ailed instantly, and he held on. Almost out of control now, the lorry swerved from side, narrowly missing telegraph-poles and trees. Houses appeared on either side of the road, and in an unbelievably short time, the lorry was hurtling through the centre of the town itself.

People scattered to left and right as the lorry plunged through the High Street, its horn blaring loudly. The soldier steered the vehicle with such skill, that he just managed to pass cars that were coming in the opposite direction. A grocers boy on a bicycle appeared from a side-street and the soldier nearly hit a bus in his effort to avoid him. A few terrifying minutes passed before the man observed a hill just ahead. As the lorry went towards it, it began to slow down and the soldier brought it to a standstill at the road. He got out badly shaken, but safe at last. . Which title best suits the passage?

A narrow escape M a moment of terror Accidents A skilful driver When did the soldier begin to feel the strain? He felt it after driving the whole morning He felt it when he was beginning to get bored He felt it after driving for eight hours He felt it when he was how far he had to go Why was the soldier anxious to reach his destination? He had not been home for a long time He was beginning to feel sleepy and tired The country road seemed to stretch away endlessly He did not like to drive long distance When did he realize that the brakes of the lorry were out of odder? A. He realized it when he wanted to change gear.

B. He realized it when he wanted to slow down at the junction C. He realized it when the lorry began to move very quickly D. He realized it when he heard an unusual sound 5. Why did the writer say that the soldier could hardly believe his eyes when he approached the outskirts of the town? A. It was because the journey seemed to come to an end all off sudden B. It was because the scene had changed It was because the place seemed deserted It was because the road had been straightened To drive at a leisurely speed means To drive very slowly TO drive recklessly To drive at a moderate speed To drive as one wishes 7.

Why did the lorry swerve from side to side? The soldier drove it carelessly The road was too winding One of the tires had a puncture The lorry was out of control Why did the soldier decide against driving the lorry into the trees at the side of the road? A. He did not wish to ruin the trees B. The trees were planted by the municipality and he would be fined C. He might be killed D. Some children were playing under the trees 9. Why did he blare his horn loudly while driving through the town? A. He wanted to attract attention B. He wanted to warn motorist and pedestrian about the lorry which was out of control C.

He liked and enjoyed making a loud noise D. He wanted everyone to give way to him so that he might reach home faster 10. ” To a standstill” means A. To stand very still B. To stand by the roadside C. To stop entirely D. To stand in silence Section B The animal population in African is decreasing, and many species of animals are facing extinction. The elephants, lions, rhinoceros, giraffe and many other animals are fast disappearing and may never be seen again. Something must be done to save these wonderful gifts of Nature and prompt action is essential. One of the chief reasons is illegal hunting and poaching.

The African natives have been responsible for destroying nearly a million animals in a year. These animals are killed not for food but for their hide, tusk and horn which always find a ready market. That these animals are not killed for their meat is shown by the fact that thousands of animal carcasses are left to rot in the scorching equatorial plains, providing food only hungry vultures. The methods employed by the native poachers to catch the animals are cruel for they kill the animals so slowly that victims can remain in agony for several days. Many of these poachers are seldom brought to book.

It is very difficult to track down a poacher and the tedious man hunt may continue for several days. When a poacher is aware that he is being followed he puts up false tracks to mislead his pursuer. One of the best ways to prevent poaching and to preserve the lives of these animals is to set up a large animal reserve where the animals are free to am and where they can be better protected from poachers. The African animals must be preserved at all cost otherwise there will be nothing left for posterity. 1. Give one important reason why the African animals are facing extinction A. The land is dry and arid B.

There are too many animals within a small area C. The native poachers kill them for their hide, tusks and horns D. The animals are constantly plagued by diseases 2. What proof is there to show that the animals are not killed for their meat? A. Thousands of carcasses are left on the plains for the vultures B. The natives do not like the meat of the lions or elephants C. The meat of these animals cannot be sold D. The native keep these animals as pets 3. Why is it very difficult to arrest a poacher? A. This area is covered with thick jungle B. The poacher lives in the mountain C. The villagers help to hide him D.

The poacher puts up false tracks to mislead his pursuers, besides, the area is large one and the hunt may take several days without success 4. Replace the expression ‘prompt action is essential’ with beat . A Must do one’s 5. Must hurry without delay Immediate action is very necessary It is necessary to be punctual In what way can the animals be preserved for posterity? They can be preserved in the museum They can be bought as pets They can be exported to other countries The government can set up a large animal reserve where no one can hunt or poach, and where animals are free to roam 6. Victims can remain in agony for several days’ means . A. The animals return to their dens to die when they are shot B. The suffering animals die when they are trapped C. The animals that are trapped do not die at once but suffer terribly for many days before they die D. The remains of the carcass are left on the ground 7. ‘ he puts up false tracks to mislead his pursuers’ means ay brush away his footprints or other signs of his presence so that those trying to arrest him may think he has gone another way, thus making trying to arrest him may think he has gone another way, thus making it very difficult to find him B.

He disguises himself so that the police may not recognize him C. He uses different tires so that the prints will confuse his pursuers D. He uses differentiations paths so that his pursuers chase him in circles 8. Why does the writer say that the man hunt is a tedious one? A It is a very tiring job B. It requires a party of hunters C. The hunters have to climb mountains and ford rivers D. It is a dull, uninteresting job and may take days to complete it 9. Why does the writer think that animals must be left for posterity? A. He is a lover of animals B. He think that every country must have a zoo C.

He thinks that man has no right to kill animals D. He says that animals are wonderful gifts of Nature and every one living in the future has a right to know what animals are like and to enjoy them ID. The African animals must be preserved ‘at all cost’ means are very costly to feed . A. They B. They require a great deal of care C. NO matter how difficult, how costly, how inconvenient, the animals must not be killed D. Even if they are dangerous Elizabethan day started at 5. 30 a. M. , when she would go to the wards, visit the group of patients assigned to her and wash them before Mme Charier came round at 6. 15.

As soon as this was over, there would be a quick dash back to the dormitory for bed-making. Breakfast consisted of a mug of coffee and bread. The coffee had to be purchased from the superintendent, Mme Blocked, and the bread was the remains of a large loaf which was doled out to each girl at noon and had to last twenty-four hours. There were two main meals-?one at noon the other in the evening. These, Elizabeth wrote, were eaten to:’ the music of Mme Blocker’s voice, which keeps up a storm the whole After their rather scanty breakfast, the students were back on the wards for the doctors’ rounds at eight o’ clock.

Elizabeth thought the chief physician a pompous little man, but she found Dry Dubos, the consultant who came to give lectures later in the morning, an excellent teacher. He turned out to be the leading medical man who had helped to bar her from attending the lectures for which she had applied when she first arrived in Paris. But now, when came to know Elizabethan quality as a serious student, his admiration and respect were aroused. He begged her to extend her time of training at the Maternity Hospital from the three months she had in mind to a year.

He assured her that, at the end of that time, she would be the best qualified doctor in practical maternity work anywhere in the world. At that time no one knew what caused wounds to suppurate and why many of the mothers who came to hospital to have their babies died of ‘childbirth fever’. This fever was caused by an infection, which often developed into blood poisoning; it spread because of lack of hygiene in wards and among attendants. That there were rather fewer deaths from this cause in the

Maternity Hospital than elsewhere was probably due to the insistence on a good standard of cleanliness, though no one, of course, dreamed of the necessity of sterilizing instruments or linen. 1 . “Elizabethan day started at 5. 30 a. M. ” means . A Elizabeth got out of bed at 5. 30 a. M. Elizabeth began her work at 5. 30 a. M. Elizabeth ate her breakfast at 5. 30 a. M. They day dawned at 5. 30 a. M. At what time did the students eat their breakfast? A. At 8. 00 a. M. At 6. 15 a. M. C. At 5. 30 a. M. Between 6. 30 a. M. And 8. 00 a. M.

Choose the correct Statement. The students had a rich breakfast every morning The students had coffee and bread for breakfast The students had only coffee for breakfast The students had a large loaf of bread for breakfast The students ate their meals ‘to the music of Mme Blockers voice, which keeps up a storm the whole . It means . A. Mme Blocked sang while the students were eating their meals B. Music was played by Mme Blocked while the students were eating C. Mme Blocked was shouting or scolding someone all the time D. A storm was raging all the time 5.

Who had helped to bar Elizabeth from attending the lectures she had applied for? A. The chief physician B. Dry Dubos C. Mme Blocked D. Mme Charier 6. Dry Dubos begged Elizabeth to extend her time of training at the Maternity Hospital because he . A. Liked her B. Noticed that she was a serious student and wanted to help to train her C. Disliked her and wanted to keep her longer at the hospital as a punishment D. Thought Elizabeth Was a slow student who needed more time to learn 7. How long did Elizabeth intend to stay at the maternity Hospital? A. Three months 9.

Six months Nine months One year ‘Suppurate’ means Form pus Become painful Become red Become well Many of the mothers who came to hospital to have their babies died Of childbirth fever because . A. The doctors were not fully capable B. The whole hospital was unhygienic C. The food in the hospital was poor D. Blood poisoning was a common disease 10. At the Maternity Hospital; there were fewer deaths from ‘childbirth fever’ than elsewhere. Why? A. The instruments and linen were Sterilized B. The hospital insisted on cleanliness C. The doctors and nurses were more efficient D.

They had better drugs Mount Everest, which is 29028 feet above the sea-level, is the highest mountain in the world. Airmen had flown over it and taken fine photographs, UT it was not until the summer of 1953 that the top was reached on foot. Nearly thirty years earlier, on June 8th, 1 924, two Englishmen, Mallory and Irvine, were seen by a friend below them to be only about 800 feet from the top, and they were still going forward and upward. But they never returned. Whether they lost their lives on the way up, or, after success, on the way down, none can tell. Now there is little hope that we shall ever know.