Italian Terms – 08

bacchette di legno hard sticks bacchette di spugna soft sticks con timbro with snares coperto covered [cloth on drum head] lasciare vibrare let vibrate [ring] secco drily [without resonance] sul bordo at the edge [rim]

Read More

Italian Terms – 06

affetuoso with affection, tenderly agitato excitedly, restlessly a piacere [“at pleasure”] at performer’s discretion arioso in the manner of a [vocal] aria brio spirit calmato calm, quieted cantabile [“singable”] song-like comodo [“convenient”] comfortably, without strain con calore [“with heat”] warmly, passionately dolce sweet[ly] espressivo expressively fuoco [“fire”] intensity, ardor giocoso playfully giusto [“exactly”] strict[ly], precise[ly], appropriate[ly] giusto [“exactly”] strict[ly], precise[ly], appropriate[ly] grazioso gracefully gusto taste leggero, leggiero lightly maestoso majestically…

Read More

Italian Terms – 05

calando fading away crescendo growing [louder] decrescendo becoming softer diminuendo diminishing [in loudness] morendo dying away rinforzando (rfz) [“reinforcing”] emphasized sforzando (sfz) [“forcing”] sharply accented

Read More

Italian Terms – 04

pianississimo [“extremely plainly”] as softly as possible pianissimo [“very plainly”] very softly piano [“plainly”] softly mezzo piano [“half plainly”] medium softly mezzo forte [“half strongly”] medium loudly forte [“strongly”] loudly fortissimo [“very strongly”] very loudly fortississimo [“extremely strongly”] as loudly as possible

Read More

Italian Terms – 03

a tempo [return to] regular tempo accelerando becoming faster allargando broadening doppio movimento twice as fast grave solemnly mosso [“moved”] moving, agitated moto motion rallentando becoming slower ritardando [“delaying”] gradually slowing ritenuto [“kept back”] immediately slower rubato [“robbed”] flexible tempo sostenuto sustained stringendo [“squeezing”] hastening, tightening tempo primo original tempo trascinando dragging vivace briskly vivacissimo very briskly

Read More

Italian Terms – 02

largo broadly larghetto somewhat faster than largo lento slowly adagio [“at ease”] easily, unhurried adagietto somewhat faster than adagio andante [“walking”] flowing andantino somewhat close to andante (somewhat faster or slower) moderato moderately, neither slow nor fast allegretto somewhat slower than allegro allegro lively presto fast prestissimo very fast

Read More

Italian Terms – 01

a, al, all’, allo, alla, ai, agli, alle; to [the], in the manner of alquanto quite, rather, fairly alta, alto high, higher ancora again, repeat assai extremely attacca [“attach”] proceed without stopping bassa, basso low, lower cadenza extended improvisatory section capo beginning coda section added to end come as, as if, like con, col, coll’, collo, colla, coi, cogli, colle with [the] da, dal, dall’, dallo, dalla, dai, dagli, dalle…

Read More

Italian Terms

adagio very slowly largo broadly lento slowly moderato at moderate speed andante at walking pace allegro fast presto very fast staccato detached legato smoothly vivace lively prestissimo as fast as possible da capo from the beginning(d.c.) fine end ritardando gradually slowing down(rit.)

Read More

Italian Tempo Terms

Prestissimo As fast as possible Presto Very fast Allegro Fast, quickly Allegretto Moderately fast Moderato Moderately paced Andantino Moderately slow Andante Slow but moving Adagio Slow Lento Slow Larghetto Very slow but moving Largo Very slow and broad Grave Very slow and heavy Ritardando Gradually slower Rallentando gradually slower and broader Ritenudo suddenly slower Allargando gradually slower and louder Calando Gradually slower and softer Sostenuto Sustaining Accelerando Gradually faster Stringendo…

Read More